期刊目錄列表 - 66卷(2021) - 【師大學報】66(2)九月刊

十四世紀江南正一道教的隱逸與修練文化 作者:謝世維(國立政治大學宗教研究所教授)

卷期:66卷第2期
日期:2021年9月
頁碼:59-84
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6210/JNTNU.202109_66(2).0003

摘要:
一般認為宋元以後正一道士的宗教實踐為科儀,以服務宮廷、民間宗教為主,其所從事的服務為齋醮儀式,而火居的正一道士更是以世俗生活為主,在信眾需要或廟宇要求下,才會從事儀式服務。本文想要談論十四世紀江西、福建的正一道士的隱逸思想,以及他們的內丹修練,與歷史上我們對正一道士的印象有所不同。在十四世紀的江西、福建、浙江區域,是以龍虎山為中心的正一道教盛行區域,在這個區域的文人與道士有密切的交流,崇尚山林的隱修,在山林中搭建庵、舍、院、室等隱居的處所,而正一道士修練內丹以為實踐亦屬普遍。本文正是希望探討這現象背後的原因,同時呈現在特定時空之下正一道士的具體宗教實踐,試圖說明十四世紀菁英的正一道士個人修練文化,提供不同於歷史上對正一道士刻板印象的獨特面貌。

關鍵詞:內丹、正一、道教、龍虎山、隱逸

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
  1. 晉‧陶淵明,《搜神後記》,卷1,臺北市:木鐸出版社,1982。
  2. 宋‧白玉蟾,《海瓊問道集》,《正統道藏》,第55冊,臺北市:新文豐出版社,1988。
  3. 宋‧鄭德安,〈金液大丹口訣〉,《正統道藏》,第8冊,臺北市:新文豐出版社,1988。
  4. 明‧王褘,《王忠文集》,清‧永瑢、紀昀纂修,《景印文淵閣四庫全書》,第1226冊,臺北市:臺灣商務印書館,1986。
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中文APA引文格式謝世維(2021)。十四世紀江南正一道教的隱逸與修練文化。師大學報,66(2),59-84。https://doi.org/10.6210/JNTNU.202109_66(2).0003
中文Chicago引文格式謝世維,〈十四世紀江南正一道教的隱逸與修練文化〉,《師大學報》,66卷2期(2021):頁59-84。https://doi.org/10.6210/JNTNU.202109_66(2).0003
APA FormatHsieh, S.-W. (2021). The Cultivation and Hermit Culture in SouthChina Zhengyi Daoism During the 14th Century. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 66(2), 59-84. https://doi.org/10.6210/JNTNU.202109_66(2).0003
Chicago FormatShu-Wei Hsieh. “The Cultivation and Hermit Culture in SouthChina Zhengyi Daoism During the 14th Century.” Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 66.2(2021): 59-84. https://doi.org/10.6210/JNTNU.202109_66(2).0003

Journal directory listing - Volume 66(2021) - Journal of NTNU【66(2)】September

The Cultivation and Hermit Culture in South China Zhengyi Daoism During the 14th Century Author: Shu-Wei Hsieh (Graduate Institute of Religious Studies, National Chengchi University, Professor)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 66, No. 2
Date:September 2021
Pages:59-84
DOI:https://doi.org/10.6210/JNTNU.202109_66(2).0003

Abstract:
  Zhengyi religious practice after the Song Dynasty is believed to have been largely liturgical, serving the imperial court and popular religions. The services performed by a Zhengyi Daoist were the Jiao liturgy and exorcist rituals. The lives of lay Zhengyi Daoists were generally secular, and ceremonial services were performed only when requested by a temple or layperson. This article discusses the hermit philosophy and inner alchemy practices of Zhengyi Daoists in Jiangxi and Fujian during the 14th century. The image of Zhengyi Daoists presented in this paper differs from common historical perceptions of Zhengyi Daoists. In the 14th century in Jiangxi, Fujian, and Zhejiang, orthodox religion prevailed, with Longhu Mountain as the center. In this area, literati and Daoists had close interactions, advocating a retreat to the mountains and forests, and building rams and shelters on sacred mountains. The practice of inner alchemy was also common for these Zhengyi Daoists. This article (1) explores the reasons behind this phenomenon and (2) presents the specific religious practices of Zhengyi Daoists at a specific time and space, in an attempt to explain aspects of the personal training of elite Zhengyi scholars in the 14th century. The article provides a unique portrayal of the Zhengyi Daoists that differs from common impressions and stereotypes regarding historical Zhengyi Daoists.

Keywords:inner alchemy, Zhengyi, Daoism, Longhu Mountain, hermits