Journal directory listing - Volume 66 (2021) - Journal of NTNU【66(2)】September

The Cultivation and Hermit Culture in South China Zhengyi Daoism During the 14th Century Author: Shu-Wei Hsieh (Graduate Institute of Religious Studies, National Chengchi University, Professor)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 66, No. 2
Date:September 2021

  Zhengyi religious practice after the Song Dynasty is believed to have been largely liturgical, serving the imperial court and popular religions. The services performed by a Zhengyi Daoist were the Jiao liturgy and exorcist rituals. The lives of lay Zhengyi Daoists were generally secular, and ceremonial services were performed only when requested by a temple or layperson. This article discusses the hermit philosophy and inner alchemy practices of Zhengyi Daoists in Jiangxi and Fujian during the 14th century. The image of Zhengyi Daoists presented in this paper differs from common historical perceptions of Zhengyi Daoists. In the 14th century in Jiangxi, Fujian, and Zhejiang, orthodox religion prevailed, with Longhu Mountain as the center. In this area, literati and Daoists had close interactions, advocating a retreat to the mountains and forests, and building rams and shelters on sacred mountains. The practice of inner alchemy was also common for these Zhengyi Daoists. This article (1) explores the reasons behind this phenomenon and (2) presents the specific religious practices of Zhengyi Daoists at a specific time and space, in an attempt to explain aspects of the personal training of elite Zhengyi scholars in the 14th century. The article provides a unique portrayal of the Zhengyi Daoists that differs from common impressions and stereotypes regarding historical Zhengyi Daoists.

Keywords:inner alchemy, Zhengyi, Daoism, Longhu Mountain, hermits

《Full Text》 檔名

  1. 晉‧陶淵明,《搜神後記》,卷1,臺北市:木鐸出版社,1982。
  2. 宋‧白玉蟾,《海瓊問道集》,《正統道藏》,第55冊,臺北市:新文豐出版社,1988。
  3. 宋‧鄭德安,〈金液大丹口訣〉,《正統道藏》,第8冊,臺北市:新文豐出版社,1988。
  4. 明‧王褘,《王忠文集》,清‧永瑢、紀昀纂修,《景印文淵閣四庫全書》,第1226冊,臺北市:臺灣商務印書館,1986。
  5. 明‧宋真宗、趙允中、傅同虛、鄧仲修、周玄真等,〈大明玄教立成齋醮儀〉,《正統道藏》,第15冊,臺北市:新文豐出版社,1988。
» More
APA FormatHsieh, S.-W. (2021). The Cultivation and Hermit Culture in SouthChina Zhengyi Daoism During the 14th Century. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 66(2), 59-84.
Chicago FormatHsieh, Shu-Wei. “The Cultivation and Hermit Culture in SouthChina Zhengyi Daoism During the 14th Century.” Journal of National Taiwan Normal University 66, no. 2 (2021): 59-84.