期刊目錄列表 - 64卷(2019) - 【師大學報】64(1)三月刊

古文經典名篇注解之語法探討─以教育部訂三十篇古文教材的一些注解問題為例 作者:魏岫明(​國立臺灣大學中國文學系副教授)

卷期:64卷第1期
日期:2019年3月
頁碼:1-29
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.201903_64(1).0001

摘要:
歷代古文經典名篇向來為學術上研究之重點,同樣也成為語文教學重心。但由於古漢語語法難以掌握,臺灣高中裡的文言文教學對師生雙方一直都存在著困難。本文嘗試從語法角度探討教育部定高中古文30篇裡四項較有爭議的註解,一方面希望能釐清其語法特性,另一方面也希望修正錯誤的注釋能對高中國文教學能有所助益。這四項注解包括〈虯髯客傳〉斷句標點的問題,古文「無恥之恥」的句法規律與意義詮釋、古文謙敬副詞的不同及古漢語「孰與」比較句。本文從這四項討論得出結論是:一、語法分析確實有助於判斷古文字句結構和意義;二、中文裡「尊人卑己」的禮貌原則一直反映在從古至今的語言使用上;三、教導古文語法、句式有助於高中學生學習文言文。

關鍵詞:古文注解、表敬副詞、表謙副詞、「孰與」比較句、無恥之恥

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
  1. 宋•李昉等,《太平廣記•虯髯客》,民國影印明嘉靖談愷刻本。
  2. 明•王士貞《豔異編•虯髯客傳》,卷9(明玉茗堂摘評王弇州先生豔異編刻本),據北京大學圖書館原本影印。
  3. 教育部高級中等學校國文學科中心,語文互動區:常用文法介紹:六、謙敬詞,http://chincenter.fg.tp.edu.tw/~literature/main/home/tw/grammar_edit.php?id=21,2018年9月10日下載。
  4. 三民書局(主編),高級中學國文教科書(臺北市:編者,2017,2018),冊1~6。
  5. 方文一,〈「孰與」句的結構和作用〉,《古漢語研究》,1期(1995),頁34-38。
» 展開更多
中文APA引文格式魏岫明(2019)。古文經典名篇注解之語法探討─以教育部訂三十篇古文教材的一些注解問題為例。師大學報,64(1),1-29。doi: 10.6210/JNTNU.201903_64(1).0001
APA FormatWei, H.-M. (2019). Syntactic Study of Problematic Annotations in Ancient Classical Chinese in High School Textbooks in Taiwan. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 64(1), 1-29.doi: 10.6210/JNTNU.201903_64(1).0001

Journal directory listing - Volume 64(2019) - Journal of NTNU【64(1)】March

Syntactic Study of Problematic Annotations in Ancient Classical Chinese in High School Textbooks in Taiwan Author: Hsiu-Ming Wei(Department of Chinese Literature, National Taiwan University)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 64, No.1
Date:March 2019
Pages:1-29
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.201903_64(1).0001

Abstract:
The lack of linguistic training makes it difficult for both students and teachers of classical Chinese in high schools in Taiwan to maneuver the syntactic rules of classical Chinese—this is a critical problem for students and teachers. This syntactic study focuses on the problematic annotations of classical Chinese in high school textbooks in Taiwan. Four items of problematic annotations are included in this study: the problem of punctuation in the ambiguous sentence of “Qiu Ran Ke Zhuan,” the interpretation of “wu chi zhi chi,” the principle of using honorifi c and modest words for politeness, and the syntax of the classical comparative sentence “X shuyu Y + adj.” The study fi ndings demonstrate that syntactic analyses are meaningful in both linguistic research and the practical teaching of ancient classical Chinese.

Keywords:annotations of Classical Chinese, honorifi c words, modest terms, “shuyu” comparative sentence, “wu chi zhi chi”