期刊目錄列表 - 64卷(2019) - 【師大學報】64(2)九月刊

「必取行實」與「務存質樸」:論元結〈問進士〉五道的現實關懷 作者:劉志強(上海師範大學人文學院博士候選人)

卷期:64卷第2期
日期:2019年9月
頁碼:1-22
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.201909_64(2).0001

摘要:
元結〈問進士〉表面上只是一次州府試進士的五道策題,實際上反映的內容卻相當豐 富,蘊涵著作者強烈的現實關懷。首先,元結再授道州刺史時,已經有長期的從政經驗,文 學創作思想也已成熟,這是策題創作的現實基礎。其次,具體策題每一道又基本上可分三部 分:一、是對社會現實的觀察,引出問題;二、是對已有解決辦法的思考,深入問題;三、 提出新問題,要求考生根據策題提供對策或者解答原因。最後,針對「進士」科弊病,試圖 從兩個方面進行引導和改變:一、反對「浮薄」之人,「必取行實」之士;二、反對「淫 靡」之文,主張寫作「務存質樸」。

關鍵詞:元結、時務策、〈問進士〉、現實關懷、道州

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
  1. 唐・魏徵、令狐德棻,《隋書》(北京市:中華書局,1973)。
  2. 唐・令狐德棻等,《周書》(北京市:中華書局,1971)。
  3. 唐・顏真卿,《顏魯公集》,收入《四庫唐人文集叢刊》(上海市:上海古籍出版社,1992)。
  4. 唐・杜甫,清・仇兆鼇(注),《杜詩詳注》(北京市:中華書局,2015)。
  5. 唐・元結、孫望(編校),《新校元次山集》(臺北市:世界書局,1984)。
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中文APA引文格式劉志強(2019)。「必取行實」與「務存質樸」:論元結〈問進士〉五道的現實關懷。師大學報,64(2),1-22。doi:10.6210/JNTNU.201909_64(2).0001
APA FormatLiu, Z.-Q. (2019). Practical Talents and Articles: On the Realistic Concern of “Wen Jinshi” by Yuan Jie. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 64(2), 1-22. doi:10.6210/JNTNU.201909_64(2).0001

Journal directory listing - Volume 64(2019) - Journal of NTNU【64(2)】September

Practical Talents and Articles: On the Realistic Concern of “Wen Jinshi” by Yuan Jie Author: Zhi-Qiang Liu(College of Humanities Shanghai Normal University Doctoral Candidate)

Vol.&No.:Vol.64 , No.2
Date:September 2019
Pages:1-22
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.201909_64(2).0001

Abstract:
Yuan Jie’s “Wen Jinshi” is not simply an examination topic but in fact contains rich content that reflects the author’s strong realistic concerns. By the time Yuan Jie was once again an official in Taozhou, he had accumulated extensive experience in politics, and his literary creativity had matured, which was the realistic basis for the creation of his work. Each question can be divided into three parts: observing social realities leading to problems, devising existing solutions to in-depth problems, and proposing new questions and asking candidates to provide countermeasures or reasons for answers to these questions. Finally, by targeting “jinshi” malpractice, he tried to change the “jinshi” in two manners: first, by opposing those who are frivolous and instead pursuing practical talents; second, by advocating writing practical articles over beautiful ones.

Keywords:Yuan Jie, Shi Wuce, “Wen Jinshi,” Realistic care, Daozhou