期刊目錄列表 - 66卷(2021) - 【師大學報】66(1)三月刊

至道不可以情求──論《列子‧力命》力與命的衝突與超越 作者:謝政修(國立臺灣大學中國文學系博士候選人)

卷期:66卷第1期
日期:2021年3月
頁碼:37-66
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0002

摘要:

以往對於《列子‧力命》中「力」、「命」交涉的討論,多從「自由意志」的角度討論「力」的施展與自由,以及「宿命論」說明「命」的限制。爾後,亦有學者反省「命定」的基調,認為命僅是一種「客觀限制」,然這些觀點皆有可再商榷之處。縱觀〈力命〉的內容,可知「力」與「命」二者的關係能和《列子》其他篇章論述體道時的脈絡相互比觀,且可從「至道不可以情求」的角度切入。命本自然,並非德智之力可以掌握,若是陷入是非價值的主觀評斷,便會覺得「命有所制」。由此可知,〈力命〉中「力」與「命」的衝突仍為「情」與「道」的探討。若能知命、信命,到無所謂信與不信的「不知」狀態,便能從此束縛昇華與超脫,屆時身心都將轉變,成為與萬物和同無礙的至人境界。

關鍵詞:力命、不知、《列子》、順命、道情

《詳全文》 檔名

參考文獻:
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  3. 清‧孫詒讓,《墨子閒詁》,收入《諸子集成》,第4冊,北京市:中華書局,1954。
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中文APA引文格式
謝政修(2021)。至道不可以情求─論《列子‧力命》力與命的衝突與超越。師大學報,66(1),27-46。doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0002
中文Chicago引文格式
謝政修,〈至道不可以情求─論《列子‧力命》力與命的衝突與超越〉,《師大學報》,66卷1期(2021):頁27-46。doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0002
APA Format
Cheng-Hsiu Hsieh (2021). Transcendence and the Conflict Between “Effort” and “Fate” in the “Effort and Fate” Chapter of LieZi. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University, 66(1), 27-46. doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0002
Chicago Format
Cheng-Hsiu Hsieh. “Transcendence and the Conflict Between “Effort” and “Fate” in the “Effort and Fate” Chapter of LieZi.” Journal of National Taiwan Normal University 66.1(2021): 27-46. doi:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0002

Journal directory listing - Volume 66(2021) - Journal of NTNU【66(1)】March

Basic Research on Ningyang Dong Zhenren Yuxianji: Connections between Shou-Zhi Dong, Dengzhendong, and Quanzhen School Author: Cheng-Hsiu Hsieh (Department of Chinese LiteratureNational Taiwan UniversityPhD Candidates)

Vol.&No.:Vol. 66, No. 1
Date:March 2021
Pages:37-66
DOI:10.6210/JNTNU.202103_66(1).0002

Abstract:

Discussions of “Effort” and “Fate,” and their relationship in the “Effort and Fate” chapter of LieZi have focused largely on effort from the perspective of free will, and some have declared that fate must mean fatalism. Later scholars reflected on the meaning of fate, asserting that it is only an “objective restriction”; however, the accuracy of these views is questionable and must be reexamined. According to the chapter Effort and Fate?and other chapters in LieZi, the relationship between effort and fate should be understood from the perspective that “Tao cannot be pursued on purpose”(至道不可以情求). Fate works in a natural way; it cannot be mastered by our own efforts, or we will feel fettered by it when we face judgments of right and wrong. The conflict between effort and fate is better perceived as a battle within our minds. Therefore, if we attempt to understand fate (知命), then believe in fate (信命), and finally become unselfconsciousness (不知), our body and mind can be transformed. At that moment, we are free of any conflict between effort and fate and able to experience everything harmoniously.

Keywords:effort and fate, unselfconsciousness, LieZi, follow the fate, Tao and Qing